A brief history of Persian rugs

A brief history of Persian rugs

In the past tribal people used the Persian rug as a means of protecting themselves from the cold and wet conditions. Today the Persian rug’s purpose has evolved from being a much needed household necessity to becoming a timeless piece of artwork that everyone should have in their homes. In the past few centuries the level of skill and craft that goes into each rug has been improved, as new patterns and colours have been added from various points in history.

Over the years Persian rugs became more and more attractive to kings and noble people who viewed them as a mark of affluence, importance, and as a family heirloom. Nowadays in manors and museums across the entire globe a Persian rug is one of the most valued pieces of art that a person can own. Weavers have been using the same ancient hand-woven techniques over the centuries to ensure that rugs stand the test of time.

The art of making Persian rugs dates back more than 2,500 years ago to modern day Iran. The skill of making these rugs was a closely guarded secret which was passed down from fathers to sons, with each generation building upon and improving those skills.

The progression of the design and art of the Persian rug is closely linked to the history of Iran. The domination by the Arab Caliphate(1038-1194 AD), Seljuk, was of great importance to the history of Persian rugs. The Sejuk women introduced the Turkish knots to add to the Persian rug. The Persian Hamadan rug, which is available here at Trendcarpet, is still hand knotted to this day.

During the Safavid Dynasty, Persia reached the height of its artistic history. Abbas I of Persia, encouraged trade with Europe and also transformed the Persian capital of Isfahan into one of the most impressive and beautiful cities in Persian history. New workshops for carpets were also built where skilled craftsmen and designers could work together to create new splendid specimens. Most of the carpets made during this time were made of silk, with silver and gold threads adding even more embroidery. Two carpets from this period which come from the mosque of Ardabil can still be seen to this day. Many experts believe that these two carpets represent the achievement in carpet design. The larger of these two can be seen in the Albert Museum and London’s Victoria. 

The golden age of Persian rug design ended with the Afghan invasion of 1722. The great city of Isfahan was destroyed. During the Afghan domination of Persia, nomads and craftsmen in the countryside and small villages continued their ancient and traditional craft of carpet waving.

The practise of hand weaving Persian rugs continues to this day with the Hamadan rugs, Baluchi rugs, and Suzani rugs, among the finest examples of hand woven Persian rugs. 

Persian rugs are still to this day regarded as an invaluable piece of artwork which should be cherished and passed down from one generation to another. The Persian rug contains the rich history and art of Persia all in one piece.








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