The different Persian rug types

The different Persian rug types

The Persian rug is a rug rooted deep in Iranian history. For centuries the rug has been an essential part of Iranian culture and art. However, given that it is probably the most iconic rug in the world many people do not that there are many different styles and designs of Persian rugs each with their own individual history and in some cases weaving/knotting techniques. Here at Trendcarpet, for example, we have baluchi, suzani, hamedan, shiraz, tabriz, and moud Persian rugs. Here in this blog post I will give a short history about the history and design of some of these rugs. For a more general overview of the history of the Persian rug we have previously written about one here.

As you may already know Persian rugs of various types are woven by nomadic tribes, villages, and towns, all across Iran. As such, the rugs from their respective place of origin have come to reflect the culture of people through their various designs and patterns.


Baluchi persian rug

The baluchi persian rugs are originally rugs made by the Baluch nomads who live near the border between Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The rugs are sold in the city of Mashhad in Iran.

The baluchi rug can be characterised and identified by its unique lively patterns which usually feature dominating colours such as red, brown, and dark blue. The warp is made from wool and the rug is knotted by hand even to this day.

Tabriz persian rug

The Tabriz rug is knotted by hand in the city of Tabriz in the north west of Iran. It is one of the oldest rug weaving centers of the world and is famous all across Iran.

The rug has one of the most diverse designs ranging from pictorial, medallion, and even 3-d shaped rugs. It is also known to be one of the finest knotted rugs in the world as its knot range can extend up to 110 raj(this is the number of knots per 7cm of the widths of the rug).

Keshan persian rug

Keshan is a moderate sized city located between Isfahan and Tehran, very close to the edge of the desert Dasht-e-Kavir. For centuries the city was an important trading rub located along the Silk Road.

The Keshan rugs are handmade in the city and its surrounding suburbs. The rug is known to be made with a high knot density featuring the Persian knot, while the warp and weft are made of cotton and the pile is made of high quality wool. The rug can be noticed by its amazingly designed medallions, trees and figural motifs usually made with dominating colours such as blue, red, and beige.

The would famous Ardebil rug is a Keshan rug believed to have been made in the 16th century. It can still be seen to this day at the Victoria and Albert museum in London.

Keshan rugs still to this day hold the same reputation of being well made beautifully designed rugs.








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